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自考英语历年真题the larger population

来源:https://www.jkwedu.cn     2020-04-02
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Throughout the past century humanity did everything in its power to control nature. We dammed earth's rivers, chopped down the forests and exhausted the soils. Burning up fuels, we pumped a great deal of greenhouse gases into the air, altering the chemistry of the atmosphere and warming the planet in just a few decades.And as our population began in the year 2000 above the 6 billion mark, still spreading across the continents, dozens of animal and plant species were dying out every, day, including the first primate(灵长类) to disappear in more than 100 years.

As the start of the 21st century there were unmistakable signs that nature was beginning to take its revenge. Melting ice in both poles of the earth suggested that the climate was changing rapidly. Weather was even more changeable than usual, giving some places too little rain and others too much.Fires raced across the dried American West last summer, and recent storms spread damages from Britain to China.No specific event could be directly blamed on global warming.Floods and drought will be more frequent and severe.Other sad signs from an overburdened planet include falling grain and fish harvests and fierce competition for scarce water supplies.

But there were also, in the year 2000, signs of great awareness.Connected by the Internet, hundreds of millions of people gathered for the 30th anniversary of Earth Day. Governments from Washington to Lima took steps to protect the large wild areas from development. Progress was made toward using more renewable energy from the wind and the sun, and new cars that used both gasoline and electricity spotted(显示) fuel-economy statistics.

The goal for the new century is "sustainable development" .Is that possible? It depends on how well we understand that humanity is part of nature, not lord and master.

1.What is the result of the human control over the nature?

A.Natural resources are being exhausted.

B.There is a global warming effect.

C.Species of animals and plants are reduced.

D.All of the above.

【答案】D
【解析】事实细节题。由文章第一段可以找到A、B、C三项都是人们控制大自然所造成的后果,自然资源消耗殆尽、全球变暖、动植物数量和种类减少等。故选D。

2.It can be inferred from the passage that scarce water supplies are directly caused by (   )。

A.less ice in both poles

B.the more changeable weather

C.something not mentioned in the text

D.the larger population

【答案】D
【解析】推理判断题。由文章第二段“Other sad signs from an overburdened planet include falling…for scarce water supplies.”可知,是由于地球不堪重负才导致水资源不足,而地球不堪重负肯定是人口过多导致的。故选D。

3.Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A.Ameriea suffered a lot from fires last summer.

B.The American government tried to stop development.

C.Humanity built many dams in the past century.

D.Dozens of animals and plants will no longer exist in more than 100 years.

【答案】C
【解析】推理判断题。本题可采用排除法得到答案。文章第二段第四句话中“Fires raced across the dried American West…”的American West是“美国西部”的意思,A选项属于偷换概念,应排除;第三段第三句“Governments from Washington…development.”意为“要采取措施保护大型野生区域远离发展的影响”,但并不是停止发展,应排除;D项时态错误,文章第一段最后一句用的是过去时态,说明已经濒临灭绝而不是将要。故选C。

4.The phrase " sustainable development" in the last paragraph probably means that economic development will (   )。

A.continue for a long time

B.be more profitable than before

C. support our growing population

D.make full use of natural resources

【答案】A
【解析】词语理解题。由第三段描述的内容:政府采取措施保护野生区域,采用新型的可再生能源等,可知这种发展是一种可持续的、长期的发展。故选A。

5.The main purpose of the author is to make us (   )。

A.see what damage humanity did to nature

B.fight with nature and control it

C.have more celebrations of Earth Day

D.aware of the importance of environment protection

【答案】D
【解析】主旨大意题。文章意在通过对大自然的报复行为给人类带来的灾难的描述,警示人们要爱护地球,认识到环境保护的重要性。故选D。

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